The 6 Frames
Authority is Constructed and Contextual
Information resources reflect their creators’ expertise and
credibility, and are evaluated based on the information need and the
context in which the information will be used. Authority is constructed
in that various communities may recognize different types of authority.
It is contextual in that the information need may help to determine the
level of authority required.
Information Creation as a Process
Information in any format is produced to convey a message and is shared via a selected delivery method. The
iterative processes of researching, creating, revising, and
disseminating information vary, and the resulting product reflects these
Information Has Value
Information possesses several dimensions of value, including as a
commodity, as a means of education, as a means to influence, and as a
means of negotiating and understanding the world. Legal and
socioeconomic interests influence information production and
Research as Inquiry
Research is iterative and depends upon asking increasingly
complex or new questions whose answers in turn develop additional
questions or lines of inquiry in any field.
Scholarship as Conversation
Communities of scholars, researchers, or professionals engage in
sustained discourse with new insights and discoveries occurring over
time as a result of varied perspectives and interpretations.
Searching as Strategic Exploration
Searching for information is often nonlinear and iterative,
requiring the evaluation of a range of information sources and the
mental flexibility to pursue alternate avenues as new understanding